- business

What Is Eyelid Ptosis? What You Should Understand

Eyelid ptosis or “droopy eyelid” occurs when the upper eyelid is “lowered” to normal, excessively covering the cornea, which may interfere with the ability to see in some cases. Although there is a concern with the aesthetic aspect, there may be no interference with the ability to see in other cases.

Unilateral eyelid ptosis, affecting only one of the eyelids (left or right), often described as “one eyelid more drooping than the other,” is the most frequent situation and can affect people of both sexes and at any age. The “droopy eyelids” in both eyes or bilateral eyelid ptosis can also occur despite being a less frequent situation. Patients use several expressions to describe eyelid ptosis. Expressions such as “drooping eyelid” or “drooping eyelid,” “drooping eyelid,” “flaccid eyelids,” or “drooping eyelid” are often used.

The ptosis may be barely noticeable (mild eyelid ptosis). In some cases, the ptosis may be more moderate. In some more severe situations, the eyelid may descend until the pupil is occluded. The degree of ptosis is significant because, as we will see later, interfering with vision can cause irreversible damage (amblyopia). Eyelid ptosis can occur at birth or throughout life. For each situation like what is caused by eyelid tails drop (สาเหตุของอาการหางตาตก which is the term in Thai) for example, we can identify different origins for the problem, and the intervention (what to do) must be guided according to the type of ptosis present, as we will see below.

Congenital Eyelid Ptosis

Congenital eyelid ptosis is the type of eyelid ptosis present at birth (in the baby). Infantile eyelid ptosis can cause amblyopia in affected children. In addition, although it may seem that the child only has a “droopy eyelid,” these children may also have other eye anomalies associated, so it is essential that the consultation with the ophthalmologist is carried out as soon as possible.

Acquired Eyelid Ptosis

Acquired eyelid ptosis is one that, as its name implies, is acquired with age and can be triggered by several factors, but where the aging process is the most predominant. This type of eyelid ptosis usually occurs in the elderly but may occur at earlier ages (adults and young adults).

Causes Of Eyelid Ptosis

In eyelid ptosis, the causes can differ significantly depending on an adult or child ptosis (infantile eyelid ptosis). In adults, the most frequent cause of ptosis is the separation or stretching of the muscle tendon, whose function is to elevate the eyelid (levator eyelid). This process can occur as a result of aging, as a postoperative complication of cataract or other eye surgery, or as a result of eye injury or trauma.

In adults, ptosis or “droopy eyelid” can also be a complication of other disorders related to the muscles or nerves of the eyelid, such as neurological disorders and muscle disorders and, in rare cases, tumors of the orbital cavity. A common cause of ptosis in the elderly is paralysis of the ocular nerves due to diabetes or high blood pressure. Sometimes, facial anatomy causes difficulties for the muscles that allow the eyelid to be lifted. Regarding the causes of congenital eyelid ptosis, it is known that these are often related to a deficient development of the muscles whose function is to elevate the eyelid.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.